|Matters with long-range policy implications normally decided at the chief-of-government level.
|Military alliances, possibly including non-military matters.
|Friendship, general relations, and matters concerning more than one topic in the Topic Group.
|Arms control and disarmament, including safeguards for operation of nuclear reactors.
|Acceptance of obligations of UN charter.
|Formal procedural and substantive resolutions of legal and political controversies.
|Establishment of an international government organization (IGO).
|Establishment of IGO headquarters and relations between it and the host country.
|International Court of Justice Clause
|Acceptance of compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
|Termination of war or hostilities.
|Diplomatic relations and recognition, independence of new states, acceptance of treaty obligations.
|Post-war reparation settlements. Global or country-to-country level, often involving a lump sum of money to pay for damages.
|Status of Forces
|Peacetime status of foreign military forces.
|National land and water boundaries determined by political decisions.
|Establishment or operation of a UN trusteeship. Does not involve money in trust.
|Matters falling broadly within the scope of government agencies in charge of health, labor, and welfare.
|Matters concerning more than one topic in this group, i.e. social cooperation.
|Short-term humanitarian relief and rescue relating to natural and other disasters. Does not include disaster preparation.
|Includes migratory labor, trade unions, and internships.
|Control of illegal drug production and traffic.
|Refugees and repatriation.
|Disease control, public health, projects or techniques to aid public health and sanitation.
|Social security, retirements, old age benefits, disability, unemployment compensation.
|Status of Women
|Legal status of women and issues of women's equality.
|Matters that are primarily economic in the sense of traditional international trade and payments, not including aid-supported transactions.
|Claims, Debts, Assets
|Claims regarding particular debts and assets, mainly concerning retrospective settlement (Claims for damages are analogous to a US suit for damages).
|Raw Materials Trade
|Trade in specific commodities, e.g. aluminum, cotton, rubber, fish, meat, phosphates, wool.
|Custom rates and tariffs.
|General economic cooperation and matters not covered elsewhere, or concerning more than one topic in this Topic Group.
|Factories or entire industrial sectors.
|General guarantees for protection of investments.
|Most Favored Nation Status
|Traditional most-favored nation treatment as the main function of a treaty, rather than as an incidental clause.
|Patents and Copyrights
|Patents, copyrights, trademarks, intellectual property.
|Payments and Currency
|Routine commercial payments and exchange rates.
|Products and Equipment
|Finished goods, industrial products, equipment, facilities, installations. (Commercial and military)
|Double taxation, tax exemptions, fiscal evasion.
|Technical and scientific-technological cooperation and exchange between equally developed nations.
|Promotion of tourism.
|Trade not limited to a particular commodity.
|Trade and Payments
|Equal or similar emphasis on both.
|Non-commercial transfers or goods, capital, or services.
|Food or Agricultural Aid
|Aid for foodstuffs, fertilizers, and agricultural products, equipment, and technicques. These projects are typically short-term and have a limited lifespan.
|Aid concerning more than one topic in topic group, or which does not fall into other topics.
|Atomic Energy Aid
|Aid for peaceful use of nuclear energy.
|Aid for academic and vocational training.
|Loans and other repayable financial aid, including world bank projects; financial cooperation between developed and developing nations.
|Aid for hospital construction and equipment, as well as organization of public health services.
|Aid for military supplies, equipment, training.
|Peace Corps or other Volunteers
|American Peace Corps and similar volunteer services of donor countries.
|Aid for build-up of infrastructure to develop national resources.
|Non-financial advisory services for modernization. No development credits. Between IGO/developed nation and developing nation.
|Aid involving UN Children's Fund.
|All forms of transportation by air, land, or water, including related infrastructures.
|Air services, airlines, airports, landing rights.
|Road and rail transport including passengers, freight, bridges, tunnels.
|Matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.
|Ocean, lake, river transport including passengers, freight, ports.
|Transmission of mail and other information by traditional as well as electronic means.
|General communications; matters concerning more than one topic in topic group.
|Newspapers, radio, television, exchange of newsreels.
|Rates and handling procedures for letters, parcels, and postal money orders.
|Telephone and telegraph services, construction and operation of radar stations, allocation of frequencies.
|Exchanges and joint programs in cultural fields, broadly defined.
|Theater, opera, ballet, films, books, sports; matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.
|Student and teacher exchange, joint schools and programs, equivalence of degrees and diplomas, cooperation in educational projects. Emphasizes teachers/students from kindergarten to Ph.D.
|Not limited to a particular religion, but with religion as the primary focus.
|Science and Technology
|Research programs and exchanges in science and technology, weather stations, earth and ocean observations, cooperation between academies of science.
|Seminars and Conferences
|UN sponsored and other seminars and conferences on specific issues. Typically treaties between the UN group and a host country.
|Space Exploration and Research
|Peaceful uses of outer space and related space technology, including satellites and orbital stations.
|Various programs concerning the development and use of natural resources. But see also 4RESOU.
|Fertilizer, experimental programs, pest and disease control, quarantine.
|Cattle or Fowl
|Veterinary matters, vaccination, health certificates, crossboundary grazing, migratory birds.
|All forms of energy. See also 4ATOM for atomic energy aid.
|Environment or Ecology
|Pollution control, wildlife protection by species or region, water quality, environmental improvement.
|Fish and all other living marine animals as resources. Conditions and zones of conservation and harvesting.
|Mining and processing of metals as natural resources.
|Multiple use of water, e.g. irrigation, power, drinking.
|Wood or Forestry
|Forestry management, reforestation, logging, fire protection.
|Routine administrative matters incidental to, or independent of non-routine political treaties. But see also 1. Diplomacy.
|Routine matters that don't fit into any other topic or group or that concern more than one topic in this group. Arrangements between IGOs to handle projects.
|Physical maintenance and marking of borders, e.g. bridges, tunnels, checkpoints, mapping.
|Nationality or Aliens
|Immigration, citizenship, nationality, minorities, military service requirements.
|Consular matters including functions, buildings. Also includes business being transacted at the diplomat/consul level.
|Judicial assistance, enforcement of civil and criminal judgments.
|Routine military cooperation between equivalent countries.
|Permanent military missions.
|Privileges and Immunities
|Diplomatic immunities of governments and IGOs.
|Visas and Passports
|Visas and visa fees, regulation of movement of persons and good across borders.
|Extradition and deportation.
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